Pain or Swelling in the Mouth

Have you recently experienced sensitivity, light bleeding, pain, or swelling in your mouth? Don’t panic, it is common for adults to experience these oral health issues at one point in their lifetime. There are many possible causes for these symptoms. If the oral pain you are experiencing is more severe, you should contact your dentist immediately. If you are experiencing mild pain or discomfort, here are few of the most common causes of pain or swelling in the mouth:

Mouth Sores: Mouth sores are a common occurrence among adults. These sores, commonly called canker sores, are small lesions that develop on the inside of the cheek, under the tongue, or on the roof of the mouth. Canker sores are white in color with a red border and sometimes are accompanied by a burning feeling or mild pain. Canker sores will heal on their own, but if they are causing discomfort, you can try antimicrobial mouth rinse, antibiotics, or corticosteroid cream. Other more severe and long lasting mouth sores may be a symptom of oral cancer. If you have been experiencing sores in your mouth regularly, you should schedule a visit with your dentist.

Tooth Decay: Throbbing or sharp pain in the mouth from time to time can be a sign of tooth decay. Sensitivity to hot and cold foods while eating or drinking can also be a sign of decay or a cavity. A cavity is a small hole in the tooth that has developed from tooth decay. It is important to treat cavities right away to avoid the progression of tooth decay and potential tooth loss. Which treatment is necessary will depend on the severity of the decay, however, most mild cavities are treated with filling. A more severe cavity may need a root canal.

Gum Disease: Gum disease is one of the most common oral health problems faced by adults in the United States. Gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease, starts with the buildup of plaque along the gumline. This buildup will create bacteria that attacks the healthy layers of the teeth causing swelling, tender, and bleeding gums and bad breath. Daily brushing and flossing are critical to remove plaque before it builds up. Additionally, routine dental cleanings help to remove plaque that can’t be reached by brushing and flossing. Gingivitis left untreated will progress into more advanced stages of gum disease. A more advanced stage, called periodontitis is when the gums start to erode, causing loose teeth, and increasing the risk of bone loss. Fortunately, gum disease can be prevented with proper daily care. If you notice you have swollen, tender, and bleeding gums, you should contact your dentist and schedule an exam and cleaning.

There are many possible causes of pain or swelling in the mouth. If your pain is causing you discomfort or becoming worse, you should schedule an appointment to see your dentist for a comprehensive dental exam and dental cleaning. Your dentist will help you determine the cause of your pain or swelling and get you on track to treating it.

Puffy or Bleeding Gums